Banknote renovation turns Eiichi Shibusawa into XNUMX-yen bills. That's why I read it!
Eiichi Shibusawa is known as the "father of Japanese capitalism." From the image, he is a person above the clouds, and may have the impression that he is a smooth sailing elite.
The life of Eiichi Shibusawa is told from the perspective of Nanpei Yamamoto, an author who has studied Japanese culture and society, but his life was frustrated and unsuccessful.
[91 years of life is a series of setbacks]
・At the end of the Edo period, he plans to take over Takasaki Castle, but abandons this with the advice of a third party.
・Keiki Tokugawa serves as an assassin of an elder who became acquainted in Edo, but he is assassinated.
・If you go to France with the intention of studying abroad, the Shogunate will collapse and you will return to Japan as if you were half a criminal.
・Establish Japan's first company, but at that time, the new government will be scouted and forced to leave the company.
In this way, when I try to do something, there is always a setback somewhere.
What he was interested in when he went to Paris for the first time, and what they have in common with Yukichi Fukuzawa, who is the same age, are introduced with love.
[Holders of flexible ideas]
Eiichi thought of a rational thing. Even if you combine your thoughts in the information that you have, when you receive new information, you change your mind at all. There was no resistance to changing my mind.
An example is the cancellation of the Takasaki castle takeover plan. Eiichi devised this plan when he was in the village of Bloodarai. However, Choshiro Otaka, who returned from Kyoto, which was the most advanced place at the time, advised us to stop taking over. As a result, they decided to cancel the plan.
Even when he visited the stock exchange in Paris and studied in Kyoto and Osaka and had financial knowledge, he was not surprised when he saw the banking business in Paris. Rather, I investigated the banking system and tried to absorb it. It is a characteristic of him that he greedily obtains new information and makes decisions based on the latest information.
Eiichi was aware that society is always changing. It was good to deal with society regardless of the past.
In the first year of the Taisho era, the "Yuaikai" was founded, and the radical labor movement, the "Taisho Labor Movement", occurred. At that time, Eiichi made friends with Bunji Suzuki, the founder of Yuaikai, not only as a consultant, but also insisted on the workers. In addition, in the 14th and 15th years of the Taisho era, he assisted a female worker's strike at a silk mill in Nagano Prefecture. This is a mysterious attitude for him as a capitalist.
His open-ended attitude goes beyond the labor movement. The diary "Kaisei Nikki" that I wrote when I went to France says that the bread with butter is "Ajiiwa Jin (Beautiful)". Japanese people at that time seemed to dislike the smell of butter, but Eiichi didn't feel that way at all. As for coffee, he describes it as "making your heart refreshing."
Eiichi was flexible, but at the same time, he was not stubbornly changing his thinking as a Tokugawa era person. The following are the attitudes seen in the attitude toward the family and the company.
Eiichi's attitude toward the family had custody in the Tokugawa era, but there was no patriarchal right. The main family and the branch family are just names, and they are independent nuclear families, and if the economic standard was high, they would continue to split up. Furthermore, if he retires and passes management rights to heirs, heirs will be obliged to support them. If the heir did not support the retreat, he could be deprived of his inheritance. In fact, Eiichi naturally exercised custody and disregarded it.
In the Tokugawa period, even people with no blood relations formed a group called Rebiki, as long as they had the same interests.
Eiichi's first Japanese company, the Commercial Chamber, was established in the same way as Ichiburi. In fact, looking at the articles of incorporation of the "Commercial Chamber", although he certainly makes use of the knowledge he has learned in Europe, he also incorporates Japanese traditional methods such as Ikkori. Eiichi also left the idea of being a person who lived in the Tokugawa era, and there was also the aspect that he would stick to the method he had used so far for things he thought did not need to change.
[Viewing people based on essays]
Eiichi worked hard in educational and social projects in his later years. He created Tokyo Kosho, the predecessor of Hitotsubashi University, and supported Nimatsu Gakusha to preserve the traditional Chinese heritage in Japan.
In addition, he wrote "Language Lectures" and thought that Western-style education was important at the same time as preserving Japanese traditions.
When he looked at people, he evaluated them based on "words". The same applies to the recruitment of human resources. This is because the vertical order of the organization in Japan is Confucian, not European. He clearly recognized the difference between European and Japanese organizations.
[Language and Japanese]
"Rongo" had a great influence on the Japanese. "Rongo" is also written in "Kojiki" and "Nihonshoki", saying that Emperor Ojin came to Japan in 15 years.
"Rongo" was not so much prized or highly regarded in China at that time. Rather, what was regarded as the true scripture is "Gokyo" ("poetry" "calligraphy" "respect" "easy" "spring autumn"). "Rongo" was at most the position of the introductory book. Perhaps it can be interpreted that this book was judged to be appropriate for the barbaric Japanese.
There are various theories as to when "rongo" began to permeate the Japanese. Initially, it was only a lecture in the court, and it did not penetrate much.
It actually began to permeate when the annotated commentary, "Shōhei-ban ronshu", was created in 19. The reason why it began to permeate during this period can be imagined because this period was a turbulent period. The Confucius era was also a tumultuous one, and there was something in common that it was an era of lower ranks.
The basic idea of Confucius is how to establish order. It can be said that "Rongo" began to permeate at a time when Japanese people were so overwhelmed by the war and felt that they couldn't manage themselves.