Yuval Noah Harari's "Full History of Sapiens" Top and Bottom Combined Edition Reading Memo (^-^)
Animals similar to modern humans appeared on the ground about 250 million years ago. At least six different human species existed on Earth 10 years ago, but Homo sapiens is the only human species that survived to this day. Why have we, considered weak in terms of physical function, become so influential that they can have a catastrophic impact on the ecosystem?
He introduces that there are three revolutions in the history of sapiens.
① "Cognitive revolution"
By acquiring the ability to talk about "fiction," or fictitious things, humans have become able to build large-scale cooperation and respond to rapidly changing environments. This is the "cognitive revolution."
② "Agricultural Revolution"
Until now, the "agricultural revolution" has been perceived as positive for humankind, but the average farmer has become more difficult than the hunter-gatherer. However, it is also true that this has brought about an explosive population increase.
③ "Scientific Revolution"
The "Scientific Revolution" is a movement that was born in an attempt to acquire new power by recognizing one's ignorance and focusing on observation and mathematics.
Among the ever-changing cultures of mankind, there are three things that can be a universal order for mankind: "money," "empire," and "religion."
Mankind began to believe in "progress" because it turned out that scientific discoveries would bring new power. For modern Europeans, the construction of the empire was a scientific undertaking, and the establishment of modern science was inseparable from the imperial conquest.
The modern economy sought insatiable growth, and those who began to believe in progress due to the scientific revolution established an economic system based on "credit."
It also includes content that points to the future of humankind, such as "religion," the relationship between civilization and happiness, and "to the age of super-homo sapiens." Given the speed of scientific development, how will humankind cope with that change?